As concerns the Late Roman period and the subsistence of its early Christian and antique traditions until the 9th century. In the middle of the 4th century AD, a fortification of 15 hectares was built here with 44 towers and massive walls. The interior of the fortification included warehouses, baths, administrative and representative buildings. An extensive necropolis lay south from the fortification, used for burials from the construction of the fortification till the 9th century.
Research assumes that a Roman community appears to have still persisted in the territory after the end of the Roman Age (from the middle of the 5th century). Such archaeological remains occur in this Christian group’s assemblages who had preserved their antique culture and relations in the following centuries, despite the waves of Migration sweeping over the Pannonian area with Huns followed by Eastern Goths, Heruli, Longobards and Avars. Exceptionally rich assemblages from the middle of the 6th century and an early Christian basilica prove the existence of this Christian community – known as the Keszthely culture in archaeology. For about hundred years the fortification became uninhabited from the middle of the 7th century, but it regained its significance and was taken into possession by the Karoling Empire from the beginning of the 9th century.
The Late Roman fortification and its surroundings are an internationally significant area, and not only for its archaeological treasures, but for its historical-geography as well. The 18th century historical maps still depict extensive marshlands here. Also palpable is the natural-topographical stand of the Late
The complex of the Festetics Manor determines the view of Fenékpuszta today. The basic block of the manor took shape at the end of the 18th century according to a strict symmetrical order. The main building posed the middle axis which was flanked by a wing on both northern and southern sides along with outbuildings.
The walls and round towers of Fenékpuszta fortification cover an area of 15 hectares. Three of its gates have been discovered. The fourth gate could have been situated at the eastern wall. The inner buildings had stood along the axis of the roads connecting the gates: a Horreum/Granary (15), Principia/Governor's
The investigations chiefly aimed at verifying excavations in the territory of the Late Roman fortification known since the 19th century. In the beginning of the 1900s, Árpád Csák conducted investigations here, he was the first to localize Buildings A, B, C, and the so-called I. Early Christian basilica (Building 4).
L. Barkóczi, A 6th Century Cemetery from Keszthely-Fenékpuszta. Acta Arch. Acad. Scien. Hungar. 20, 1968, 275–311. L. Bendefy /I. V. Nagy, A Balaton évszázados partvonalváltozásai (Budapest1969). Á. Csák, Fenék (Mogentiana) és területén az 1899. év folyamán teljesített első archaeologiai
Keszthely-Fenékpuszta plays an important role in heritage protection as well: it is nearly 15 hectare large, mostly not built in, such as its immediate surroundings, which provides ideal opportunity to present architectural structures known in archaeology as seen by the examples of Xanten, Saalburg and Carnuntum.
A great exhibition was opened in the Balatoni Museum in 2009, and it provides the basis for further exhibition venues which display only a selection of the artefacts. We emphasize the presentation of the 4th-9th century assemblages. The exhibition in Keszthely presented the results of more than a hundred years of archaeological
As concerns the Late Roman period and the subsistence of its early Christian and antique traditions until the 9th century. In the middle of the 4th century AD, a fortification of 15 hectares was built here with 44 towers and massive walls. The interior of the fortification included warehouses, baths, administrative and representative buildings.
Excavation: Fenékpuszta 2017
The excavation of 2017 was carried out in German-Hungarian cooperation, as a continuation of the research conducted since 2009, in the southeastern part of the late Roman fortress of Fenékpuszta, concentrated on so-called Building 25. This building is of decisive importance both in the research of the traces before building the fortification, and in the question of the use of the area during the migration period. The excavations so far indicate a number of construction phases which we try to separate and reconstruct with a continuous work. For example, we try to find out when it was built and how long the building was in use, because the material of the cemetery in Fenékpuszta well proves the survival of the Late Antiquity (5 th century - 7 th century).
125 years of excavations
Magyar Idők: New information
Magyar idők: Ground plan, 3D tour
Using drones and magnetometer
Quest for the past
Excavations in a new light